During 1863 the residents of Harrisonburg thrilled to the guerilla exploits of Captain John H. McNeill and his Rangers – a Confederate partisan unit that harassed Federal units. Also, in July, the citizens of Harrisonburg were well aware of the great battle in Pennsylvania. The Register on July tenth reported a “great, glorious, and overwhelming victory over Union forces” at Gettysburg. Over the next week the truth became apparent as large numbers of wounded Confederates passed up the Valley, many breathing their last breathe in Harrisonburg. On November 16, Court Day, a rumor late in the afternoon spread that the Yankees would be coming in about five hours.[i] The rumor was false. Uncertainty charge the atmosphere.